How to play the Game
In Kabaddi, two teams compete with each other for higher scores,
by touching or capturing the players of the opponent team. Each
team consists of 12 players, of which seven are on court at a
time, and five in reserve. The two teams fight for higher scores,
alternating defence and offense. The court is as large as that for
a dodge ball game. The game consists of two 20 minute halves, with
a break of five minutes for change of sides.
The kabaddi playing area is 12.50m x 10m, divided by a line into
two halves. The side winning the toss sends a 'raider', who enters
the opponents' court chanting, 'kabaddi-kabaddi'. The raider's aim
is to touch any or all players on the opposing side, and return to
his court in one breath. The person, whom the raider touches, will
then be out. The aim of the opposing team, will be to hold the
raider, and stop him from returning to his own court, until he
takes another breath. If the raider cannot return to his court in
the same breath while chanting 'kabaddi', he will be declared out.
Each team alternates in sending a player into the opponents'
court. If a player goes out of the boundary line during the course
of the play, or if any part of his body touches the ground outside
the boundary, he will be out, except during a struggle.
The team scores a lona ( a bonus of two points), if the entire
opposition is declared out. The game then continues by putting all
the players on both sides. Matches are staged on the basis of
age-groups, and weight. Seven officials supervise a match - one
referee, two umpires, two linesmen, a time keeper and a scorer.
Types of Kabaddi
In India, Kabaddi is recognized in three forms:
The 'Surjeevani' form of Kabaddi is played under the Kabaddi
Federation of India, and is governed by its rules and regulations.
In the 'Surjeevani' form of Kabaddi, one player is revived against
one player of the opposite team who is out. i.e. one out, one in.
The duration of the game, the number of players, the dimensions of
the court, etc. have been fixed by the Kabaddi Federation of
In the 'Gaminee' type of Kabaddi, there is no revival. When all
the players of team are out, the game ends. So there is no time
limit in this category.
In the 'Amar' form of Kabaddi, whenever any player is touched
(out), he does not go out of the court, but stays inside, and one
point is awarded to the team that touched him. In this way, one
point for each touch of the opposite team, i.e. to the team who
touches the anti player. This game is also played on a time basis,
i .e the time is fixed.
In the northern part of the country, i.e. Punjab, Haryana, Uttar
Pradesh and Delhi, this game is played in a circle. This is known
as 'Circle Kabaddi' or Amar Kabaddi. If it is played without a
court, as in some places, it's called 'Goongi Kabaddi'. The Goongi
Kabaddi is nothing but wrestling between two players.
The first world Kabaddi championship in the history of the game,
was organised in Hamilton when approximately 14,000 people packed
Copps Coliseum, to watch stars from India, Pakistan, Canada,
England, and the United States compete.
The Kabaddi Federation of India (KFI) was founded in 1950, and it
compiled a standard set of rules. The Amateur Kabaddi Federation
of India (AKFI) was founded in 1973. The AKFI has given new shape
to the rules, and it has also the rights of modification in the
rules. The Asian Kabaddi Federation was founded under the
chairmanship of Mr. Sharad Pawar (Maharashtra).
Some of the Arjuna Award winners are Sh. Sadanand Mahadeo Shetty,
Sh. Sadanand Mahadeo Shetty, Sh. Shakuntla Panghar Kholavakar, Sh.
Shantaram Jaatu, Kumari Monika Nath, Kumari Maya Kashi Nath, Rama
Sarkar etc. Kabaddi was one of the demonstration games at Asiad