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What is Hukam?
Hukamnama in the
Sikh context this is considered the Guru's words of wisdom for the day.
Sri Guru Granth Sahib is opened randomly to any page and the shabad on
that page becomes the day's Hukam (command). This practice dates back to
the time when Sri Guru Granth Sahib was first installed in the Harmandir
Temple) in 1604.
Taking Hukam (Command)
- Doing obeisance to the Guru Granth Sahib, taking a glimpse of the
congregation, an embodiment of the Guru's person, and taking the command :
these constitute the view of the Sat guru (Immortal destroyer of darkness,
the true guru). Raising the drapery covering Guru Granth Sahib and merely
taking a look or making others take a look at the exposed page, without
taking command (reading the prescribed hymn) is contrary to Gurmat (Guru's
- In the course of the congregational sessions, only one thing should be
done at a time : performing of kirtan, Delivering discourse, interpretative
elaboration of the scriptures, or reading of the scriptures.
- Only a Sikh, man or woman, is entitled to be in attendance of the Guru
Granth Sahib during the congregational session.
- Only a Sikh may read out from the Guru Granth Sahib for others.
However, even a non-Sikh may read from it for himself/herself.
- For taking the command (Hukam), the Shabad that is continuing on the
top of the left hand page must be from the beginning. If the Shabad begins
on the previous page, turn over the page and read the whole hymn from the
beginning to the end. If the scriptural composition that is continuing on
the top of the left hand page is a var (ode) then start from the first of
the Slokas preceding the pauri and read up to the end of the pauri.
Conclude the reading at the end of the Shabad with the line in which the
name 'Nanak' occurs.
- Hukam must also be taken at the conclusion of the congregational
session or after the Ardas.